rough1 W3S2 [rʌf] adj comparative rougher superlative roughest
1¦(not smooth)¦
2¦(not exact)¦
4¦(not gentle)¦
5¦(town/area etc)¦
8¦(simple/not well made)¦
9¦(not comfortable)¦
10 have rough edges
11 rough night
12 a rough deal
13 feel rough
14 look rough
15 rough and ready
16 rough justice
[: Old English; Origin: ruh]
1.) ¦(NOT SMOOTH)¦
having an uneven surface
≠ ↑smooth
Her hands were rough from hard work.
the rough terrain at the base of the mountains
We were bumping over the rough ground.
2.) ¦(NOT EXACT)¦ [usually before noun]
not exact, not containing many details, or not in a final form
a rough sketch of the house
a rough translation
Could you give me a rough idea what time you'll be home?
a rough estimate of the cost
First do a rough draft of your essay.
a rough period is one in which you have a lot of problems or difficulties
= ↑tough
The first year was rough, but things have gotten better.
Sounds like you had a rough day .
We've been through some rough times together.
My boyfriend and I were going through a rough patch .
The bill is in for a rough ride in the Senate.
It's been rough going , but we've almost finished now.
4.) ¦(NOT GENTLE)¦
using force, anger, or violence
≠ ↑gentle
Rugby is a very rough sport.
Don't be too rough - she's only little.
Paul gave her a rough shake.
equipment capable of withstanding rough treatment
The referee won't allow any rough stuff (=violent behaviour) .
be rough on sb
(=treat someone unkindly or criticize them in an angry way)
Don't you think you were a little rough on her?
a rough area is a place where there is a lot of violence or crime
a rough part of town
with strong wind or storms
≠ ↑calm
The ship went down in rough seas .
a) not sounding soft or gentle, and often rather unpleasant or angry
Barton's deep, rough voice
b) having an unpleasant sound, especially because there is something wrong with a machine
The clutch sounds rough - better get it checked.
simple and often not very well made
a rough wooden table
uncomfortable, and with difficult conditions
The journey was long and rough.
10.) have rough edges also be rough around the edges
a) to have some parts that are not as good as they should be, but that are not a serious problem
The team has a few rough edges, but they're winning more games.
b) if a person is rough around the edges, they are not very polite, educated etc
11.) rough night
a night when you did not sleep well
Mickey had a rough night last night.
12.) a rough deal
something that happens to you that is unfair or unpleasant
He's had a rough deal with his wife leaving him like that.
13.) feel rough
BrE informal to feel ill
14.) look rough
BrE informal to look untidy, dirty, or unhealthy
After travelling for two days we must have looked pretty rough.
15.) rough and ready
not perfect, but good enough for a particular purpose
The tests are only a rough and ready guide to a pupil's future development.
16.) rough justice
punishment that is not decided in a court in the usual legal way, and that is often severe or unfair
Gangs practise a kind of rough justice on their members.
>roughness n [U]
COLLOCATES for sense 3
a rough day/week etc
rough times
hit a rough patch/spot
go through a rough patch/spot
have a rough time (of it)
be in for/face a rough ride (=be going to have a difficult time)
rough going (=a period when you have a lot of difficulties)
rough 2
rough2 n
1.) the rough
uneven ground with long grass on an area where people play golf
≠ ↑green
2.) take the rough with the smooth
to accept the bad things in life as well as the good ones
You have to learn to take the rough with the smooth.
a picture drawn very quickly, not showing all the details
= ↑sketch
a rough of the proposed housing development
4.) in rough
BrE if you write or draw something in rough, you do it without paying attention to details or tidiness, because you are going to do it again later
It's best to work in rough first, and then write it out neatly.
5.) a bit of rough
BrE informal someone from a lower social class than you, with whom you have a sexual relationship
rough 3
rough3 v
rough it informal
to live for a short time in conditions that are not very comfortable
I don't mind roughing it for a while.
rough out [rough sth<=>out] phr v
to draw or write something without including all the details
a diagram the engineer had roughed out on his notepad
rough up [rough sb<=>up] phr v
informal to attack someone and hurt them by hitting them
rough 4
rough4 adv
1.) sleep rough
BrE to sleep outside with nothing to protect you from the weather, especially because you have no home to live in
the number of people sleeping rough on the street
2.) play rough
to play in a fairly violent way
cut up rough atcut1 (6)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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